“To discover how medical experts obtained such a sweeping control over women’s reproductive capacities, we must recall the contraceptive movement of the past few decades. Long before sterility was defined so by the WHO, fertility has been treated as a disease.”
“In investigating the roots of our current environmental dilemma and its connections to science, technology and economy, we must re-examine the formation of a world-view and a science that, reconceptualizing reality as a machine, rather than a living organism, sanctioned the domination of both Nature and women. Reductionist science is a source of violence against Nature and women, is so far as it subjugates and dispossesses them of their full productivity, power and potential. The epistemological assumptions of reductionism are related to its ontological assumptions: Uniformity permits knowledge of the parts of a system to stand for knowledge of a whole. Divisibility permits context-free abstraction of knowledge, and creates criteria of validity based on alienation and non-participation, which is then projected as ‘objectivity.’ ‘Experts’ and ‘specialists’ are thus projected as the only legitimate seekers after and producers of knowledge.” - Ecofeminism Page 23-24
“Since the scientific and industrial revolution, technology and economics have mutually reinforced the assumption that nature’s limits must be overridden in order to create abundance and freedom. Agriculture and food production illustrate how overriding these limits (um…millions of years of adaptation and evolution people!) has led to a breakdown of ecological and social systems. Industrially produced seed and fertilizer were considered superior substitutes for natures seeds and fertility; yet these substitutes rapidly transformed soil fertility and plant life into a non-renewable resource…Natures ways of renewing plants is dismissed as too slow and ‘primitive’. Natural limits on reproduction of life – ‘species barriers’ – are now to be crossed by engineering transgenic life-forms, whose impact on life can be neither known or imagined.” Ecofeminism page 28.
|From left: Maria Mies, Maude Barlow, Claudia von Werlhof, Vandana Shiva, Veronika Bennholdt-Thomsen, Christa Wichterich, Bente Madeira|