“In Maryland, the poultry industry went from 90 million chickens in 1960 to 270 million chickens in 2005. As reported in the New York Times, this threefold growth also resulted in a near tripling of chicken manure generated, to 297,000 tons a year, which is largely responsible for the growth of phosphorous and nitrogen levels in the Chesapeake Bay. This pollution caused the number of oystermen who worked the bay to drop from 6,000 a year to fewer than 500. The Heritage Chesapeake Blue Crab population has plummeted by 70 percent.” – Food Rebels, Guerilla Gardeners and Smart Cookin’ Mams Fighting Back in an Age of Industrial Agriculture; page 36.
“As the toll mounts from factory livestock production, we see the risk to the public health change from things we can see, smell, or taste (our senses having always been our best defense against danger) to things that are not easily detectable, things that couldn’t even be imagined many years ago. Human resistance to antibiotics is one such threat. A particular strain of bacteria that, according the Journal of the American Medical Association, is responsible for 19,000 deaths a year in the United States – that’s more than AIDS kills—is winning the war against antibiotics. The widespread non-therapeutic use of antibiotics is suspect as culprit in the skyrocketing number of antibiotic resistance cases in humans.” Page 36-37.
“The American Public Health Association called for a moratorium on the development of all future CAFO’s (Confined Animal Feeding Operations) until a series of environmental, health and social issues could be scientifically addressed and resolved. In 2006, the Pew Charitable Trusts convened a commission on industrial farm animals production. This commission issued a report in 2008 recommending new laws regulating pollution from industrial farms, a phasing-out of CAFO’s that restrict ‘natural movement and normal behavior,’ a ban on hormones to promote animal growth, and an application of antitrust laws to encourage more competition and less concentration in the livestock industry.” Mark Winne, Food Rebels…; page 37.
“An alarming incidence of premature sexual development has been reported in Puerto Rico during the last 7 years. A significant increment of premature thelarche, premature pubarche, prepubertal breast enlargement in boys, and precocious pseudopuberty in girls has been observed throughout the island. Several food specimens analyzed by chromatography and cytosol receptor assay revealed significant levels of estradiol equivalent in some meat samples. We suspect that the early sexual development is caused by exogenous estrogen contamination in the food ingested by the children and by their mothers.” – Sáenz de Rodriguez, Carmen A., Alfred M. Bongiovanni, and Lillian Conde de Borrego. An epidemic of precocious development in Puerto Rican children. "The Journal of pediatrics" 107.3 (1985): 393-396.
“The prevalence of autoimmune diseases has significantly increased over the recent years. It has been proposed that this epidemiological evidence could be in part attributable to environmental estrogens, compounds that display estrogen-like activity and are ubiquitously present in the environment.Environmental estrogens can be found in a wide variety of foods: phytoestrogens occur in plants such as clover and soy, while mycoestrogens are food contaminants produced by fungi. Meat, eggs and dairy products from animals given exogenous hormones contain relatively high concentration of estrogens. Among xenoestrogens, industrial estrogens are synthetic chemicals produced for specific purposes (pesticides, plastics, surfactants and detergents) while metalloestrogens are found in heavy metals. Estrogens can be also administered through medications (contraceptive pill, hormone replacement therapy, genistein, cimetidine, creams).”Chighizola, Cecilia, and Pier Luigi Meroni. The role of environmental estrogens and autoimmunity. "Autoimmunity reviews" (2011).
|Grade AA Laying Hens in a Factory Farm|
|Cage-Free Farming Operation - NY Times|
|Free-Range Farming Operation - SlowLife.co.uk|
The advent of "mad cow" disease (also known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE) raised international concern about the safety of feeding rendered cattle to cattle. Since the discovery of mad cow disease in the United States, the federal government has taken some action to restrict the parts of cattle that can be fed back to cattle. However, most animals are still allowed to eat meat from their own species. Pig carcasses can be rendered and fed back to pigs, chicken carcasses can be rendered and fed back to chickens, and turkey carcasses can be rendered and fed back to turkeys. Even cattle can still be fed cow blood and some other cow parts. Under current law, pigs, chickens, and turkeys that have been fed rendered cattle can be rendered and fed back to cattle—a loophole that may allow mad cow agents to infect healthy cattle. Animal feed legally can contain rendered road kill, dead horses, and euthanized cats and dogs. Rendered feathers, hair, skin, hooves, blood, and intestines can also be found in feed, often under catch-all categories like "animal protein products."”Sapkota, A.R., L.Y. Lefferts, S. McKenzie, and P. Walker. 2007. What do we feed to food-production animals?; Union of Concerned Scientists.
|Joel Salatin of Polyface Farm - Organic Meat Farmer, author, and rock-star of Modern Sustainable Meat Farming.|